References & Footnotes

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2. “Pressure ulcers in adults: Prediction and prevention guideline report, number 3,” Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, (accessed 26 Jan 2001).

3. J B Young, S Dobrzanski, “Pressure sores: Epidemiology and current management concepts,” Drugs and Aging 2 (January/ February 1992) 42-57.

4. L Land, “A review of pressure damage prevention strategies,” Journal of Advanced Nursing 22 (August 1995) 329-337.

5. W J Ennis, P Meneses, “Pressure ulcers: A public health problem, an integrated hospital’s solution,” Dermatology Nursing 9 (February 1997) 25-30.

6. R M Allman et al, “Pressure ulcers, hospital complications, and disease severity: Impact on hospital costs and length of stay,” Advances in Wound Care 12 (January/February 1999) 22-30.

7. S A Aronovitch, “Intraoperatively acquired pressure ulcer prevalence: A national study,” paper presented at First Annual OR-Acquired Pressure Ulcer Symposium, Atlanta, March 1998.

8. Aronovitch et al, “A comparative study of an alternating air mattress for the prevention of pressure ulcers in surgical patients,” 34-44.

9. D R Thomas et al, “Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers and risk of death,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 44 (December 1996) 1435-1440.

10. Ibid.

11. R M Allman, “Pressure ulcer prevalence, incidence, risk factors, and impact,” Clinic’s in Geriatric Medicine 13 (August 1997) 421-436.

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32. Shinners P, Pease M. Stabilization period of 5 minutes is adequate when measuring pulmonary artery pressures after turning. Am J Crit Care. 1993;2:474-477.