References & Footnotes

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2. “Pressure ulcers in adults: Prediction and prevention guideline report, number 3,” Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality,
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3. J B Young, S Dobrzanski, “Pressure sores: Epidemiology and current management concepts,” Drugs and Aging 2 (January/ February 1992) 42-57.

4. L Land, “A review of pressure damage prevention strategies,” Journal of Advanced Nursing 22 (August 1995) 329-337.

5. W J Ennis, P Meneses, “Pressure ulcers: A public health problem, an integrated hospital’s solution,” Dermatology Nursing 9 (February 1997) 25-30.

6. R M Allman et al, “Pressure ulcers, hospital complications, and disease severity: Impact on hospital costs and length of stay,” Advances in Wound Care 12 (January/February 1999) 22-30.

7. S A Aronovitch, “Intraoperatively acquired pressure ulcer prevalence: A national study,” paper presented at First Annual OR-Acquired Pressure Ulcer Symposium, Atlanta, March 1998.

8. Aronovitch et al, “A comparative study of an alternating air mattress for the prevention of pressure ulcers in surgical patients,” 34-44.

9. D R Thomas et al, “Hospital-acquired pressure ulcers and risk of death,” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 44 (December 1996) 1435-1440.

10. Ibid.

11. R M Allman, “Pressure ulcer prevalence, incidence, risk factors, and impact,” Clinic’s in Geriatric Medicine 13 (August 1997) 421-436.

12.Martone, W. J., Jarvis, W. R., et al. (1992). Incidence and nature of endemic and epidemic nosocomial infections. In J. V. Bennett, (ed.), Hospital Infections. Third edition. (577-596) Boston: Little, Brown, and Co.

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16. CDC. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance (NNIS) Semiannual Report. 1996; (18)2: .

17. Centers for Disease Control. Guideline for Preventing Nosocomial Pneumonia: Respiratory Care, 1994; (39)12, 1202.

18. Inman, K.J. Preventing nosocomial pneumonia and lower respiratory tract infections with CLRT: An evaluation of cost effectiveness in critically ill trauma victims (submitted data, available on request).

19. Choi, S. & Nelson, L. (1992), Kinetic therapy in critically ill patients: Combined results based on meta-analysis, Journal of Critical Care, 7(1), 57.

20. Pink, M. et al (1990). The efficacy of an oscillating bed in prevention of lower respiratory tract infection in critically ill victims of blunt trauma: A prospective study. Chest, 97(1), 132.

21. Gentilello, L. et al. (1988). Effect of a rotating bed on the incidence of pulmonary complications in critically ill patients. Critical Care Medicine, 16(8), 783.

22. Sahjn, S. (1991). Continuous lateral rotation therapy and nosocomial pneumonia. Chest, 99(5), 1263.

23. Summer W. et al. (1989). Continuous mechanical turning of intensive care unit patients shortens length of stay in some diagnostic-related groups. Journal of Critical Care, 4(1), 45.

24. Is early kinetic positioning beneficial for pulmonary function in multiple trauma patients? Injury Vol. 29, No. 3, pp219-225, 1998-copyright 1998 Elsevier Science Ltd.

25. Banasik J, Emerson R. Effect of lateral position on arterial and venous blood gases in postoperative cardiac surgery patients. Am J Crit Care. 1996;5:121-126.

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28. Doering L, Dracup K. Comparisons of cardiac output in supine and lateral positions. Nurs Res. 1988;37:114-118.

29. Gawlinski A, Dracup K. Effect of positioning on Svo2 in the critically ill patient with a low ejection fraction. Nurs Res. 1998;47:293-299.

30. Noll M, Duncan R, Fountain R. The effect of activities on mixed venous oxygen saturation (Svo2) in critically ill patients [abstract]. Heart Lung. 1991;20:301.

31. Pena M. The effect of position change on mixed venous oxygen saturation measurements in open heart surgery patients during immediate postoperative period [abstract]. Heart Lung. 1989;18:305.

32. Shinners P, Pease M. Stabilization period of 5 minutes is adequate when measuring pulmonary artery pressures after turning. Am J Crit Care. 1993;2:474-477.

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